What is infertility, what are its causes?
Infertility may be in the form of no pregnancy occurring in the woman, or the absence of another pregnancy, although there has been a previous pregnancy. In cases where pregnancy does not occur despite regular and unprotected sexual intercourse for a year, infertility comes to mind. The infertility problem, which is seen at equal rates in men and women, can be seen in 10% of cases, although no cause can be found for either side. Aging is one of the most common problems for infertility. Especially when the woman is older than 35 years, it is seen that her fertility decreases. Especially newly married couples may think that infertility problem occurs when pregnancy does not occur within 3 months.
However, couples under the age of 35 should wait one year for pregnancy and have regular and unprotected sexual intercourse during this period. For couples over 35, the waiting period is 6 months. Despite this, couples who do not conceive should definitely consult a specialist and start infertility treatments.
How long do infertility treatments take?
Izmir infertility treatments are determined according to the couple's infertility reasons. For this reason, it would be wrong to give a standard time. It is very important for the couple to be patient throughout the treatment. While infertility treatments take a month in various cases, it can take up to 6 months depending on the treatment of the underlying causes. Methods such as vaccination or timed sexual intercourse can be completed in a shorter time.
What are the causes of infertility in men?
While female infertility causes are seen at a rate of 45%, male infertility causes are also seen at a rate of 45%. The remaining 10% is expressed as unexplained infertility. At this stage, despite the examinations and tests, no cause of infertility can be detected.
The causes of infertility in male candidates can be listed as follows:
The main causes of infertility in women:
Other factors affecting infertility:
How are infertility tests done?
Infertility tests for men begin with the analysis of a sperm sample taken after a 3-day abstinence. In this way, the number and quality of sperm are determined. If necessary, urological examination can also be performed.
Examinations and examinations for women are more detailed. Many factors such as the condition of the uterus and ovaries, menstrual order, ovarian reserves, hormone values, whether the tubes are clogged, allergic reaction research against sperm, and the quality of egg cells are investigated. In addition, structures such as chocolate cyst, fibroids or polyps in women can also prevent pregnancy. After investigating all these factors, the cause of the infertility problem is determined. Then a suitable treatment protocol is started for the couple and the treatment begins.