How to Calculate the Ovulation Period?

In women with regular menstruation, it is possible to find the ovulation period by following the menstrual cycle and calculate the days on which sexual intercourse should be performed. The chances of getting pregnant can be increased by having sexual intercourse on the days of ovulation. However, it can be difficult in women with irregular menstruation and it ceases to be a reliable method for both conception and protection. Certain changes in the body can make some women understand when they ovulate. These; genital discharge changes and becomes sticky, slippery, transparent, slimy (like raw egg white), groin pain, increased body temperature, etc. is With these feelings, they can guess when it's time to ovulate. Sometimes it may not be understood at all. In this case, calendar and tests can be used.

The first day of menstrual bleeding marks the beginning of a new menstrual cycle. Every month in your ovaries, 5-6 eggs that have been waiting silently there since birth begin to mature, and one of them is selected, goes to full maturity and is released from the ovary. We call this ovulation. Generally, ovulation occurs in one of your ovaries each month. The egg released into the abdominal cavity after ovulation is swept away by the fringed parts of the tubes and advanced towards the uterus. This is where the meeting with the sperm will take place, that is, the fertilization will take place. If you have regular periods, you should count down 14 days from the start of your next period. E.g; In a woman who menstruates once in 28 days; While the 14th day is the possible ovulation day; In a woman who menstruates every 32 days, the 18th day is the possible ovulation day. In the female genital tract, since the sperm cell can remain alive for an average of 72 hours, 3 days before the ovulation day you calculated; Since the life of the egg is 24 hours, the period between 1 day after this day is the period when you are most likely to get pregnant. For example, if your period starts on July 10, your ovulation time is July 24. If you have sexual intercourse every other day between July 20 and July 28, the chances of getting pregnant are the most. Fertilization is the union of sperm and egg in the woman's tubes within a few hours after ovulation. The 23 half chromosomes from the sperm and egg combine to form an embryo.

Some tests can also be used in the calculation of the ovulation day. One of them is the recording of body temperature by measuring it. If you record your body temperature, which you measure from your armpit with a thermometer every morning, you will see that it is 1 degree Celsius higher on average after the middle period of menstruation. This is because with ovulation, the hormone progesterone is secreted and this hormone increases body temperature. Since the day it increases will show that ovulation has occurred, after a few months of follow-up, you can predict your own ovulation day and calculate a few days before this increase as the ovulation day and have intercourse.

Another method is LH tests, which are sold in pharmacies. This hormone rises to very high levels in the blood an average of 36 hours before ovulation and ensures the final maturation of the egg. Since it also increases in urine, you can understand that your ovulation may be within a few days, with a home test that investigates this hormone in your morning urine, and you can have intercourse. It is also available in tests with saliva.
Another method is treatment for having children; By vaginal ultrasound, your doctor will follow up the eggs and either tell you the time of intercourse or timing the egg collection if there will be vaccination or in vitro fertilization.

In a healthy couple, the probability of getting pregnant and giving birth to a healthy baby in a month is 15% on average, even if the intercourse is timed, that is, by calculating the ovulation day. After 12 months, an average of 85 out of 100 couples become pregnant. Further examinations are started for the 15% who cannot conceive.
Contraception by day calculation is not a safe method. Couples who prefer this should use a second method (condom, diaphragm, spermicide). The failure rate of the day calculation method is 20-25%. The biggest reason for its failure is that the ovulation date cannot be determined exactly.